Last Updated on August 9, 2021
Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin (born 1 March 1953) is an Indian Tamil politician serving as the 8th and current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
He is the son of the former Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi, He has also served as president of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party since 28 August 2018. He was the 37th Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002 and Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009 to 2011.
M.K. Stalin was placed 30th on the list of India’s Most powerful Personalities in 2019
Early life and family
Stalin is the third son of 2nd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and DMK Chief M. Karunanidhi, and was born to his wife, Dayalu Ammal. Stalin was born in Madras, now Chennai, on 1 March 1953. Karunanidhi was addressing a condolence meeting for Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, who died only four days after his child was born, and thus decided to name his son after Stalin.
Stalin studied at the Madras Christian College Higher Secondary School. He completed a pre-university course at Vivekananda College, and obtained a history degree from Presidency College, Chennai of University of Madras in 1973. M. K. Stalin was conferred Honorary Doctorates by Anna University on August 1, 2009
Stalin married Durga (alias Shantha) on August 20 , 1975 and has two children. His son is Udhayanidhi Stalin, an actor and politician.
Like his father, Stalin has also publicly disclosed that he is an atheist. But he also said that he is not against any religious beliefs.
His political career began in his early teens when he started the DMK Gopalapuram Youth Wing in a tea shop with several friends. As a 14 year old, he campaigned for his uncle, Murasoli Maran, in the 1967 elections In 1973, Stalin was elected to the General committee of the DMK.
He came to limelight when he was jailed in Central Prison, Madras under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) for protesting against the Emergency in 1976. He was beaten up in custody and a fellow DMK prisoner C. Chittibabu died of injuries and police torture while protecting him. He wrote his final year BA exams while in prison. Stalin formed the DMK youth wing. In 1982 Stalin became the youth wing secretary of DMK, a post he held for more than four decades. Stalin with social activist M. B. Nirmal in 1987
Stalin contested the Assembly polls unsuccessfully from Thousand Lights constituency in Chennai. In 1989 Stalin contested Assembly polls from Thousand Lights Constituency again, but won this time. But the DMK government got dismissed in 1991 before completing its full five-year term. He contested for the third time from the same Assembly constituency, but lost to the AIADMK under Jayalalithaa. Again in 1996, Stalin won the election as an MLA from the Thousand Lights constituency.
In 2011 Stalin changed his constituency for the first time in his political career, moving from Thousand Lights to Kolathur constituency on the outskirts of Chennai city.
Mayor of Chennai
Stalin became the city’s first directly elected mayor in 1996. He privatised conservancy operations in the city and constructed nine flyovers and coined a pet project called Singara Chennai (Beautiful Chennai), lauded for improving Chennai’s infrastructure. Popularly known as Managara Thanthai (father of the city). Stalin was reelected mayor in 2001. However, Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa enacted the Tamil Nadu Municipal Laws (Amendment) Act, in 2002, which prevents a person from holding two elected posts in the government. This law was applied retroactively to Stalin’s case (he was elected Thousand Lights MLA) in a move widely seen as aimed at removing him as Chennai’s mayor. However, the Madras High Court struck down the law stating that legislative bodies were not “prevented” from making laws affecting the “substantive rights” of persons retrospectively. However, the court held that under Madras (now Chennai) City Municipal Corporation Act, 1919, a person cannot be mayor for two consecutive terms, though unlike Stalin, earlier mayors were not directly elected. Stalin did not appeal in the Supreme Court. In 2003, Stalin became Deputy General Secretary of the DMK
Deputy Chief Minister
In the 2006 Assembly Elections, the DMK regained control of the state assembly, partly due to Stalin’s efforts. Stalin became the Minister for Rural Development and Local Administration in the Government of Tamil Nadu and retained this office throughout his term. During his tenure, he developed his skills as an administrator, helping to strengthen self-help groups in the state. In 2008, he became treasurer of DMK.
On 29 May 2009, Stalin was nominated as Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by Governor Surjit Singh Barnala.
On 3 January 2013, Karunanidhi named Stalin as his heir apparent, thus ending a long time confusion about who would take over the party reins after Karunanidhi’s death.
During the 2016 Assembly election, Stalin went on a statewide tour titled Namakku Naame to appeal to the youth. Stalin won the Kolathur constituency and was appointed as the opposition leader. In 2017, Stalin went on another Namakku Naame tour. In 2018, his father Karunanidhi died, leaving Stalin the president of the DMK. Stalin with Prime Minister Narendra Modi at his father M. Karunanidhi’s funeral in 2018
Secular Progressive Alliance (2019 general election – present)
M.K. Stalin formed the Secular Progressive Alliance in Tamil Nadu under the national United Progressive Alliance and led the alliance in 2019 general election in the state. The Secular Progressive Alliance won 39 out of 40 Parliament seats, and 12 out of 21 in the Assembly by-election, with 52% of the vote. It was his first victory since taking charge as DMK President.
Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
In the 2021 Assembly elections, Stalin led the campaign for the Secular Progressive Alliance. They won 159 seats out 234, with the DMK itself winning an absolute majority with 132 seats. Stalin took his oath as chief minister on 7 May 2021 along with the rest of his cabinet.
In June 2021, CM Stalin announced that the law ministry will review the legal cases filed by the previous government. The Tamil Nadu government under Stalin withdrew legal cases against the press and the protestors seeking the repeal of the three farm laws promulgated by the Union government, Citizenship Amendment Act, methane extraction, neutrino project, Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant and the Chennai-Salem Expressway project.
|Elections||Constituency||Party||Result||Vote percentage||Opposition Candidate||Opposition Party||Opposition vote percentage|
|1984 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Thousand Lights||DMK||Lost||47.94||K.A. Krishnaswamy||AIADMK||50.44|
|1989 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||50.59||Thambidurai SSR||ADK JL||30.05|
|1991 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Thousand Lights||DMK||Lost||39.19||K.A. Krishnaswamy||AIADMK||56.5|
|1996 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||69.72||Zeenath Sheriffdeen||AIADMK||22.95|
|2001 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||51.41||S. Sekar||TMC||43.78|
|2006 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||46.0||Adi Rajaram||AIADMK||43.72|
|2011 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Kolathur||DMK||Won||47.7||Saidai Sa. Duraisamy||AIADMK||45.78|
|2016 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Kolathur||DMK||Won||54.3||J.C.D.Prabhakar||AIADMK||31.8|
|2021 Tamil Nadu state assembly election||Kolathur||DMK||Won||60.86||Aadhi Rajaram||AIADMK||20.27|